A New Description of Yield Loci Based on Polycrystal Plasticity for High Strength Steels
Recently, many flexible constitutive equations have been proposed for sheet forming simulations. However, various mechanical tests are required to determine the many material parameters needed for such models. In the present work, effort has been made to investigate the correlation between the polycrystal plasticity based yield loci and those determined from mechanical tests, in order to define yield functions easily and accurately with minimum amount of experimental work. The results for different materials indicate that, in many cases, the Hill’48 deviates significantly from the measured yield loci. The yield loci derived from measured texture and polycrystal plasticity perform better than the Hill’48 yield function in general. Based on the two yield loci derived from the Taylor full constraint model and the Pancake model, a new combined model is proposed. The new model uses the averaged biaxial points of the two models but keeps the shape of the yield loci derived from the Taylor full constraint model in the stretching regime. The stress factors in the uniaxial and shear mode are calculated by averaging the stress factors of the two models. The proposed new description has been validated using several steel grades.
B. Shirvani, R. Clarke, J. Duflou, M. Merklein, F. Micari and J. Griffiths
Y. G. An et al., "A New Description of Yield Loci Based on Polycrystal Plasticity for High Strength Steels", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 410-411, pp. 543-553, 2009