Tool Geometry in Friction Stir Welding of Magnesium Alloy Sheets
Friction Stir Welding (FSW) has been arousing a continuously increasing interest among joining processes since its invention in 1991. Although mainly used for aluminum alloys, it can also be applied to other light alloys. In the present work, experimental and numerical campaigns have been performed with the aim to study the effect of the tool geometry on the mechanical properties of FSW-ed AZ31 magnesium alloy sheets. The results, presented in terms of tensile strength, ductility, micro-hardness values and numerical field variables distributions, allow to reach a deeper knowledge on the behaviour of such relatively new material when FSW-ed, and can be used for a full optimization of the joints.
B. Shirvani, R. Clarke, J. Duflou, M. Merklein, F. Micari and J. Griffiths
C. Bruni et al., "Tool Geometry in Friction Stir Welding of Magnesium Alloy Sheets", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 410-411, pp. 555-562, 2009