Electrophoretically Deposited Porous Ceramics and their Characterisation by X-Ray Computer Tomography
Planar zirconia green bodies with unidirectionally aligned pore channels were prepared by an electrophoretic deposition method using an effect which is usually disadvantageous for the EPD from aqueous suspensions: the formation of gas bubbles by electrolysis. Aqueous ZrO2 suspensions containing acetic acid to enable a sufficient gas generation were used for the EPD experiments. The influence of selected parameters – electrolyte content, applied voltage, and kind of deposition electrode – on the pore structure has been investigated. The green bodies were sintered at 1450 °C in air. Optical microscopy and X-ray computer tomography (CT) were used for characterising the porous structures. CT-investigations have the advantage of a three-dimensional characterisation of the samples by a non-destructive method. The resulting pore structure depended to a high degree on the experimental conditions of the EPD. The kind of the deposition electrode – platinum foil or platinum gauze on foil – had a strong influence on the arrangement of the pores. The EPD on Pt-foil led to randomly arranged pores, whereas very regular pore structures were obtained by the use of Pt-gauze.
A. R. Boccaccini, O. van der Biest, R. Clasen, T. Uchikoshi
K. Moritz and T. Moritz, "Electrophoretically Deposited Porous Ceramics and their Characterisation by X-Ray Computer Tomography", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 412, pp. 255-260, 2009