Cracking Mechanism of Laser Cladding Rapid Manufacturing 316L Stainless Steel
Laser cladding rapid manufacturing technology is a kind of new developed advanced manufacturing technology integrating the advantages of rapid prototyping manufacturing and laser cladding surface modification. Due to the complex thermo-physical and metallurgical factors in the deposition process, the cladding layer is liable to crack, which seriously impedes the industrial application of this technology. Experiments of laser cladding rapid manufacturing 316L stainless steel were carried out. The cracking behavior and phenomena has been observed, cracking mechanism of 316L stainless steel was investigated by means of microstructure characterization and phase analysis with optical microscopy (OM), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), scan electronic microscopy (SEM) and phase diagram analysis. Factors influencing the cracking susceptibility has also been studied. Results show that the cracks of 316L stainless steel were hot solidification cracks caused by the high residual stress and separating of the liquid films among dendrites. Through the optimization of process parameters, adding protective atmosphere, etc. cracking sensitivity has been effectively reduced and crack free 316L stainless steel components have been obtained.
Daizhong Su, Qingbin Zhang and Shifan Zhu
J. L. Song et al., "Cracking Mechanism of Laser Cladding Rapid Manufacturing 316L Stainless Steel ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 419-420, pp. 413-416, 2010