Ionic Conductivity Induced Loss of Birefringence of Banana-Shaped Liquid Crystal

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The effects of ionic conductivity on the electro-optical properties of a chiral banana-shaped liquid crystal 1,3-phenylene bis{4-[3-chloro-4-(3,7-dimethyloctyloxyl)] phenyliminomethyl} benzoate were investigated with the techniques of polarizing optical microscopy and dielectric spectroscopy. When the banana-shaped liquid crystal was experienced a low-frequency (1 Hz) triangular waveform electric field, its polarizing optical microscopic textures were first turned into gray and then into black at about 95oC, a few degrees lower than the clearing temperature of the banana-shaped liquid crystal. Detailed dielectric spectroscopic characterizations showed that ionic conductivity increased exponentially as the temperature increased from 72 to 110oC. Our results suggested that dominant ionic conductivity near its clearing temperature is responsible for the electric-field induced loss in the birefringence of the banana-shaped liquid crystal.

Info:

Periodical:

Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 428-429)

Edited by:

Yuan Ming Huang

Pages:

220-223

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.428-429.220

Citation:

Y. M. Huang and B. G. Zhai, "Ionic Conductivity Induced Loss of Birefringence of Banana-Shaped Liquid Crystal", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 428-429, pp. 220-223, 2010

Online since:

January 2010

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$35.00

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