Three-dimensional needled carbon/silicon carbide (C/SiC) composites with pyrolytic carbon interfacial layer were fabricated by precursor pyrolysis. The microstructure and mechanical property of the three-dimensional needled C/SiC composites were investigated. A thin pyrolysis carbon layer (0.2m) was firstly deposited on the surface of carbon fiber as the interfacial layer with C3H6 at 850 °C and 0.1 MPa by chemical vapor infiltration. Polycarbosilane and divinylbenzene were selected as a precursor to silicon carbide ceramics and a cross-linking reagent for PCS, respectively. The density of the composites was 1.94 g cm-3. The flexural strength of the three-dimensional needled C/SiC composites was 135 MPa. The three-dimensional needled C/SiC composites with pyrolytic carbon interfacial layer exhibit good mechanical properties and a typical failure behavior involving fibers pull-out and brittle fracture of sub-bundle.