High-Performance Ceramics VI

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Authors: Cengiz Kaya
Abstract: Recent developments in the processing, understanding and mechanical/thermomechanical properties of oxide fibre reinforced oxide ceramic matrix composites for high temperature applications are reported. Two dimensional composite plates and uni-directional tubular composite (so called mini-composite) specimens are successfully manufactured and their microstructure, matrix/ fiber interface as well as mechanical properties are examined. It is shown that the microstructural variations, such as porosity size and interface between fibre and matrix determine the fracture behaviour and high temperature performance of the composites. The optimised components produced are considered to be suitable for gas turbine applications.
Authors: Yoshio Sakka, Xin Wen Zhu
Abstract: This paper reviews the most important results by the authors on the processing of textured -Si3N4 and -sialon by slip casting in a strong magnetic filed of 12 T and reaction-sintering. The a, b-axis textured -Si3N4 and -sialon have been obtained using the static magnetic field because of the magnetic susceptibility of ca, b > c c for -Si3N4. However, the c-axis textured -Si3N4 has also been successfully obtained using a rotating magnetic field. The -Si3N4 crystal was found to exhibit substantially stronger orientation ability than the a-Si3N4 crystal regardless of the Si3N4 raw powders. It reveals that the -Si3N4 nuclei play a key role in the texture development in -Si3N4/-sialon.
Authors: Zhong Min Zhao, Long Zhang, Chuan Zeng Pan, Quan Yang, Zhen Sheng Qu, Guan Ling Su, Xue Gang Huang, Min Quan Wang
Abstract: The large bulk Al2O3/ZrO2 (Y2O3) eutectics were achieved by combustion synthesis in high-gravity field. With increasing high-gravity level, the matrix of eutectics transformed the rod-shaped colonies from the cellular ones, and the nanocrystalline microstructures came into existence as the high-gravity level was larger than 200g. The relative density, hardness, flexural strength and fracture toughness increased simultaneously with increasing high-gravity level, and reached the maximum values of 98.6%, 18.6GPa, 1248MPa and 15.6MPa•m1/2 respectively as the high-gravity level was 250g.
Authors: Zhen Sheng Qu, Quan Yang, Zhong Min Zhao, Long Zhang, Chuan Zeng Pan, Min Quan Wang
Abstract: The large-bulk solidified TiC-TiB2 composites were prepared by combustion synthesis in high-gravity field. XRD, FESEM, SEM and EDS results showed that TiC-TiB2 composites were mainly composed of TiC matrix in which a number of fine TiB2 platelets were embedded, surrounded by the boundary regions consisting of (Cr, Ti) C0.63 carbides. The hardness, flexural strength and fracture toughness of TiC-TiB2 composites measured 28.5GPa, 750±25MPa and 6.2±0.5MPa•m1/2. High hardness of the composites benefits from the absence of the intermediate borides and the achievement of stoichiometric TiC phases due to rapid solidification, whereas the achievement of high strength benefits the refinement and homogeneity of the microstructures due to rapid separation of liquid oxides in high-gravity field and rapid coupled growth of TiC and TiB2 phases.
Authors: Jie Zhou, Wan Yi Zhao, Guo Zheng Quan
Abstract: Research on microstructure and behavior of natural biomaterials contributes to understanding the biomimetic design. Yakbone bioceramic’s cross section with innumerable voids was observed via SEM approach, then a digital image processing technique was adopted to analyze the images. It is supposed that the pores can be classified into n series by different size level. A non-linear function between the pore size and series number got fitted which indicates a regression trend to zero as n rising to a large number. A non-linear convergent analysis of the function results in the porosity of porous microstructure of yakbone bioceramic. Furthermore, a plane helices characterization model was assumed to descript the multilevel voids distribution, then a series of helices parameters were designed for bionic yakbone porous microstructure with porosity tolerance of 2.5%. This parameter description of yakbone, a porous bioceramic with high strength and light weight, contributes to further research on the relationships between mechanical property and microstructure.
Authors: Jian Qin Gao, Zheng Ren Huang, Jian Chen, Gui Lin Liu, Xue Jian Liu
Abstract: Solid state sintered silicon carbide (S-SiC) ceramic is one of the top optical materials for high space reliability and other excellent properties. Two microstructures were produced by sintering under different conditions. The effects of microstructure on removal rates of SiC ceramics during polishing processes were studied. The material removal mechanisms during polishing were analysed and modeled. With the increase of the aspect ratio and grain diameter size during polishing, grain pull-out is more difficult in elongated grains than in exquiaxed grains. The SiC ceramic with high hardness has high removal resistance leading to get bad surface quality under the same mechanical procedure. The samples with elongated microstructure have low hardness and surface toughness.
Authors: Guo Feng Wang, Ji Hong Zhang, Chunping Zhang, Kai Feng Zhang
Abstract: Boron carbide (B4C) possesses unique physical and thermal properties. In this paper, B4C based composites toughened by TiB2 were fabricated by in-situ reaction sintering with the original microcrystalline powders B4C, TiO2 and glucose. The influences of sintering temperature and content of TiO2 on the sintering behavior and mechanical properties were investigated. (TiB2, Al2O3)/B4C and (TiB2,SiC)/B4C composites with almost fully dense were fabricated by using additives of Al2O3 and Si powders and sintering at 1950°C and 1900°C, the fracture toughness of composites reach to 7.09 and 6.35 MPa•m1/2 respectively. The analysis of microstructure shows that the main toughen mechanism is the crack deflection due to the existence of residual stress.
Authors: Hai Jun Zhou, Shao Ming Dong, Xiang Yu Zhang, Jin Shan Yang, Bo Lu
Abstract: C/SiC composites were prepared by liquid silicon infiltration process, and their microstructure, mechanical and tribological properties were studied in this paper. The results showed that the composites demonstrated non-catastrophic fracture behavior with long fibers pulled out and about 115 MPa flexural strength. The stability of coefficient of friction (COF) was improved and wear rate demonstrated a linear variation with the increasing of rotation speeds. However, wear rate exhibited a higher value (~3.6 μg/m) under a higher load (~150 N), even though the COF curves for C/SiC composites showed no significant changes.
Authors: Jian Jiang Wang, Hong Wei Liu, Wen Bin Hu, J.H. Wen, H.F. Lou
Abstract: Based on the Ti-B4C-sucrose(precursor of carbon) -5wt.% Al sprayed system, the self-reactive spray formed multi-phased structural ceramic preforms tests were done. And the organization, structure and performances of the products were studied. The results show that the products are composed of continuous matrix phase TiC0.3N0.7, dispersed micro/nanometric rodlike grains TiB2, some of Al2O3, pores and intermetallic phase Ti3Al which is hard to identify by SEM. Aluminum is benefit to improve organization, structure and performances of the products. The average density of the products is 97.7%, the Vickers hardness is 20.6GPa, and the flexural strength is 425MPa. There are crack deflection and grain bridging toughening mechanisms owing to the rodlike grains of TiB2 in the products, which makes their fracture toughness is as high as 7.3MPa•m1/2.

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