Reaction Assisted Ultrasonic Consolidated TiNi
This investigation has examined the feasibility of fabricating near-net shape components containing TiNi shape memory constituents by combining the attributes of ultrasonic consolidation and reaction heat treatment. An optimization design of experiment was conducted to determine the ultrasonic consolidation control parameters, e.g., sonotrode rotational velocity, amplitude and normal force, which would result in the maximum weld quality as defined by the linear weld density. Subsequent thermal treatment of the consolidated compact resulted in the formation of a graded Ti-TiNi-Ni microstructure.
M. Ashraf Imam, F. H. Froes, Kevin F. Dring
M. Kulakov and H. J. Rack, "Reaction Assisted Ultrasonic Consolidated TiNi ", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 436, pp. 149-155, 2010