Lead-free Na0.5K0.5NbO3 (NKN) piezoelectric ceramics was synthesized by an ordinal solid state reaction method. The ceramics was electrically poled under 3 kV/mm at 150 oC for 30 min. The discharge current-flow was measured for the poled ceramics at the heating rate of 1 oC/min from room temperature up to 500 oC. The two sharp peaks were observed at 209 and 417 oC. These temperatures were corresponded to orthorhombic-tetragonal (TO-T) and tetragonal-cubic (TC) phase transition temperatures, respectively. The sharp peaks were mainly originated from the decrease of the spontaneous polarization. Additionally, the several large broad patterns were also observed at 280, 363 and 375 oC, According to the electromechanical coupling factor kp, which is the indicative parameter of the polarization, mainly decreased at TO-T and TC. These broad peaks were not associated with the spontaneous polarization. The peaks seem to have been originated from the discharge current of the oxygen ion migration on elevating temperature inside the poled NKN ceramics.