Crystal Growth and Ferroelectric Properties in Bi0.5K0.5TiO3-Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 Crystals
Single crystals of x (Bi0.5K0.5)TiO3-(1-x)(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 (BKT-BNT) solid solution were grown by a flux method, and their ferroelectric properties were investigated along cubic (the cubic notation). While the flux growth soaked at 1250 °C led to the crystals with a composition of x less than 0.14, the crystals with x of 0.45 were obtained by decreasing soaking temperature to 1150 °C. The crystals of BKT-BNT (x = 0.45) exhibited a relatively large remanent polarization of 39 C/cm2 and a low coercive field of 23 kV/cm.
Shinobu Fujihara and Tadashi Takenaka
A. Morishita et al., "Crystal Growth and Ferroelectric Properties in Bi0.5K0.5TiO3-Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 Crystals", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 445, pp. 7-10, 2010