Study on Long-Term Expansive Deformation of Self-Stressing Concrete with Combined Restrictions of Steel Fibers and Steel Bar
Self-stressing concrete is sort of expansive concrete with high expansion energy which can induce prestresses with restriction in concrete, and steel fibers also enhance tensile strength of concrete. The combination of these two high performance concrete can be used to improve the cracking resistance of concrete significantly. However, like mechanical prestressed concrete, a stable long-term prestresses (self-stresses) level is a key to exploit the particular advantage of steel fiber reinforced self-stressing concrete. Self-stresses are created by restricting the expansion of self-stressing concrete with steel bars or/and steel fibers, therefore, in this paper a series of tests on long-term expansive deformation of concrete were carried out by means of measuring restrict expansive deformation of self-stressing concrete with restriction of steel fibers. The results of tests showed, based on the three-year recording, that the expansive deformation of steel fiber reinforced self-stressing concrete almost kept the same as that of 28-day without remarkable rebound which indicated that losses of self-stresses were not significant and can meet the design requirements on self-stresses level. In addition, it is proposed on the relationship between restrict expansive deformation and reinforcement ratio of steel rebars under different steel fiber volume fraction from 0-2%.
A. Saimoto and M.H. Aliabadi
H. A. He et al., "Study on Long-Term Expansive Deformation of Self-Stressing Concrete with Combined Restrictions of Steel Fibers and Steel Bar", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 452-453, pp. 533-536, 2011