Effect of Aluminum Nitride (AlN) Addition on Wear and Mechanical Properties of Al-Si Alloy Composites Fabricated by Stir Casting Process
The effect of AlN addition in Al-Si alloy composites on the mechanical properties and dry wear behaviour were studied using pre-selected parameter conditions. In this work, high purity of AlN powders with different weight percentage of 5, 7 and 10 were used as reinforced materials for the composites. Morphology of the reinforced composite indicated that both silicon grains and inter-metallic compounds were surrounded by the AlN particles. The presence of AlN in the Al-Si alloy showed a significant improvement in tensile properties in which 7wt% of AlN addition increased up to 25% compared to those of without any reinforcements. Fracture morphologies with small dimples, tear ridges and necking features indicated that ductile fractures had occurred on the Al-Si composites. At 25N load, alloys with 5wt% of AlN exhibited high wear resistances whereas at 70N, alloys with 10wt% of AlN showed a great improvement in wear resistance. SEM investigation also revealed that the presence of wear was also marked with prominent grooves, craters and scoring marks. Overall, alloys with 7wt% AlN addition possessed great improvement in hardness, tensile and wear resistance properties.
Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, Shahrum Abdullah, Aidy Ali, Andanastuti Muchtar, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali and Zainuddin Sajuri
M. N. Wahab et al., "Effect of Aluminum Nitride (AlN) Addition on Wear and Mechanical Properties of Al-Si Alloy Composites Fabricated by Stir Casting Process", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 462-463, pp. 307-312, 2011