Finite Element Analysis of 4-Step 3-Dimensional Braided Composite Structure under High Velocity Impact
The finite element method was used to simulate and analyze I-shaped beam which was made of the three-dimensional braided composite and suffered from bird impact. The models contained five braiding modes, two kinds of three-dimensional three-directional braiding and three kinds of three-dimensional six-directional braiding. Three kinds of thickness (10 mm, 15 mm and 20 mm), and all of these models were impacted by three different velocities (80 m/s, 150 m/s and 200 m/s) respectively. The bird has different mechanical properties in different velocities; therefore, different finite element models were used. Also, the stiffness of the braided composites degraded while damaged was absolutely considered. The numerical results indicated that, the capability of anti-bird impact was best when the beam was made of three-dimensional six-directional braided composites with sizes proportion of braiding yarn 1:1:1 for the four-directional, five-directional and six-directional. After analysis, the most reasonable braiding mode and structure dimension was obtained, in which condition the I-shaped beam was strong enough to resist bird impact and less weight.
Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, Shahrum Abdullah, Aidy Ali, Andanastuti Muchtar, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali and Zainuddin Sajuri
X. T. Zheng et al., "Finite Element Analysis of 4-Step 3-Dimensional Braided Composite Structure under High Velocity Impact", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 462-463, pp. 289-294, 2011