Influence of Polyacrilonitrile (PAN) Concentration on the Mechanical and Physical Properties of Electrospun Fibres
Electrospinning is direct process to produce polymer fibre with high specific surface area ratio. Apart from polymer fibre producing; electrospinning also can produce a continuous nano size of polymer fibre, which the benefit of this process is the fibre can be produced straight away with lower cost than conventional melt spinning process. Recently, successful attempts have been made to produce polymer fibre by adjusting the parameters of electrospinning such as the collector distance, needle size, polymer concentration voltage applied. From this study, the electrospun fibre was distributed randomly on collector plate surface. The diameter of the fibre produced increase as the polymer concentration was increased. The fibre distribution does not affected by the differ polymer concentrations electrospun, but there were polymer beads formed at the low polymer concentration in solvents. The fiber elongation value is the highest by polymer fiber of 9 wt % while the highest strength is by polymer fiber of 7 wt %. The polymer fibre with low concentration consequently showed the brittle characteristic.
S.M. Sapuan, F. Mustapha, D.L. Majid, Z. Leman, A.H.M. Ariff, M.K.A. Ariffin, M.Y.M. Zuhri, M.R. Ishak and J. Sahari
S. S. A. Karim et al., "Influence of Polyacrilonitrile (PAN) Concentration on the Mechanical and Physical Properties of Electrospun Fibres", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 471-472, pp. 43-48, 2011