FE-Simulation of the Heat Transfer by Defined Cooling Conditions during the Hot Stamping Process
Increasing demands regarding security aspects and light weight construction lead to the application of advanced high strength steels (AHSS) and ultra high strength steels (UHSS) in the automotive sector. Due to high process forces and the reduced formability of these steel grades within cold forming new manufacturing technologies like the hot stamping process are required. Furthermore, crash-performance plays an important role in the automotive industry. Therefore functional optimized components are necessary. Hence, actual research work within the community is focused on manufacturing components with local adjusted mechanical properties. One of the strategies to realize the contradictorily requirements regarding energy absorption and structural integrity is the Tailored tempering process where the cooling rates are adjusted by controlled heating or cooling of different tool zones within the hot stamping process. Thereby knowledge concerning the influence of the different heated tool parts on the heat transfer and the resulting mechanical properties is necessary. Furthermore, the applicability and the accuracy of the calculation approaches used for characteristic values like the heat transfer coefficient in the FE-based simulation have to be analyzed and evaluated. Due to this experiments with a tool which exhibits a heated and a cooled zone were performed according to the Tailored tempering process. During the experiments contact pressures and tool temperatures in the heated tool part were varied and analyzed regarding the influence on the heat transfer. Furthermore, the heat transfer coefficients were calculated and verified by a numerical model built according to the experimental setup and the accuracy of the model was evaluated by the comparison of characteristic values calculated from the experimental and numerical process data.
J.R. Duflou, R. Clarke, M. Merklein, F. Micari, B. Shirvani and K. Kellens
T. Svec et al., "FE-Simulation of the Heat Transfer by Defined Cooling Conditions during the Hot Stamping Process", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 473, pp. 699-706, 2011