Preparation and Thermoelectric Properties of TE Module by a Spark Plasma Sintering Method
NaCo2O4 and 0.5at%-Sb doped Mg2Si have excellent thermoelectric properties. We tried to fabricate a thermoelectric module composed of these materials and using Ni plates as electrodes. The fine powder of NaCo2O4 was prepared by metal-citric acid complex decomposition. 0.5at%-Sb doped Mg2Si bulk was ground to powder and sieved to a powder particle size of 75 micrometers or less. These powders were sintered using spark plasma sintering (SPS) to obtain a body of NaCo2O4 and 0.5at%-Sb doped Mg2Si. These thermoelectric materials were connected to the Ni plates by using the SPS method. The whole process took a very short time (less than 2 min) and could be done at low temperature (below 873 K). The open-circuit voltage values were 82.7 mV, and the maxima, maximum output current and maximum output power, for the single module were 212.4 mA and 6.65 mW at ΔT = 470 K.
Chazono Hirokazu, Fujihara Shinobu, Katayama Keiichi, Masumoto Hiroshi, Mizoguchi Teruyasu, Osada Minoru, Shinozaki Kazuo and Takeda Hiroaki
K. Arai et al., "Preparation and Thermoelectric Properties of TE Module by a Spark Plasma Sintering Method", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 485, pp. 169-172, 2011