This paper deals with calculation procedure for lifetime determination of a large three-row roller slewing bearing. First, the contact force distribution between the rollers and the bearing raceway is determined both analytically and numerically. Then, the position and the magnitude of the maximum contact force are identified. In a separate numerical model finite element analyses are performed to determine the subsurface stress distribution as the result of contact between the raceway and different rollers. These stress fields serve as an input for the fatigue lifetime calculation, which is done in accordance with the stress-life approach (S-N). At the end the influence of roller geometry on the calculated fatigue life is presented.