Fabrication of Precise Asymmetric Nanoshells Array with Nanogaps for a Label-Free Immunoassay Based on NIR-Light Responsive LSPR
Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) based sensors are a well established technology utilized for label-free biochemical sensing in immunoassay, medical diagnostics and environmental monitoring. The understanding of asymmetric metal nanoparticles, new object for complex, coupled plasmon systems providing localized significantly enhanced E-field, is central to a wide range of novel applications and processes in science of higher sensitive sensing systems. However, few methods are available for actual characterization of such nanostructures at the single particle level. Here we propose a precise and large sized scale fabrication technique for asymmetric nanoshells array with nanogaps of several tens of nanometers for LSPR sensor through atmospheric pressure plasma etching processes. A nanoshell was simply constructed by laminating thin Au films on periodic isolated polymer nanoparticles template. This nanoshells array was expected to exhibit specific near-infrared plasmonic properties. When measuring the sensitivity, nanoshells array exhibited a high sensitivity to changes of surrounding refractive index and showed a higher sensor figure of merit than the alternative structures. This indicated that the enhanced plasmon E-field in the asymmetric nanostructures improved sensor performance. Our fabrication technique and the optical properties of the arrays will provide useful information for developing new plasmonic applications.
Tojiro Aoyama, Hideki Aoyama, Atsushi Matsubara, Hayato Yoshioka and Libo Zhou
S. Uchida et al., "Fabrication of Precise Asymmetric Nanoshells Array with Nanogaps for a Label-Free Immunoassay Based on NIR-Light Responsive LSPR", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 523-524, pp. 680-685, 2012