Effects of Thermal Annealing in Nitrogen on Photoluminescence of Sol-Gel Derived ZnO Nanocrystals
The synthesis of ZnO nanocrystals is carried out in alkaline alcoholic solution of zinc acetate dihydrate by sol-gel method. Effects of thermal annealing in nitrogen on photoluminescence (PL) properties of the sol-gel derived ZnO nanocrystals were investigated by PL spectroscopy. With increasing annealing temperature in nitrogen, UV emissions of the ZnO nanocrystals red-shifted from 378 nm to 388 nm while deep-level luminescent bands ranging from 450 to 700 nm with three emission centers at about 502 nm, 538 nm and 602 nm are enhanced, and the green luminescent band gains its intensity at the expense of the yellow and orange luminescent bands. Our results have demonstrated that the origin yellow-green color PL was tuned towards the cyan color PL with increasing the thermal annealing temperature in nitrogen from 344 oC to 813 oC.
Yuan Ming Huang
Q. L. Ma et al., "Effects of Thermal Annealing in Nitrogen on Photoluminescence of Sol-Gel Derived ZnO Nanocrystals", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 538, pp. 26-29, 2013