Sea Water Effects on Surface Morphology and Interfacial Bonding of Sugar Palm Fiber to Sago Matrix
Effects of sea water immersion for palm fiber in relation to surface morphology, roughness and bonding between the fiber and sago matrix were observed. Duration of immersion varied in 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks, and then dried at room temperature for 3 hours continued by oven at 80 °C for 6 hours. SEM and roughness arithmetic tests were applied to see surface morphology, roughness and bonding between fiber and the matrix. Result shows fiber morphology and roughness varies by the duration of immersion. The surface roughness increases as immersion continues along with fiber - matrix bonding improvement. The maximum duration of 4 weeks fiber immersion resulted in the best interlocking of matrix and fibers, as the slits between them disappear.
H. Mardin et al., "Sea Water Effects on Surface Morphology and Interfacial Bonding of Sugar Palm Fiber to Sago Matrix", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 724, pp. 39-42, 2017