Study of Cutting Force and Surface Roughness on Drilling Stainless Steel 316L under Various Coolant Condition

Abstract:

Article Preview

Drilling is the metal cutting process that are widely used in industrial sector such as in aerospace, automotive and manufacturing to produce a various of durable parts. Stainless steels in general are regarded as difficult to machine materials due to their high tendency to work harden; their toughness and relatively low thermal conductivity. In this research, the experimental setup for the effect of various parameters on drill performance in term of cutting force and surface roughness. Stainless steel 316L used as workpiece and uncoated tungsten carbide drill bit as the tool. From the experimental investigation, the results show that internal coolant with helix angle of 40 and feed rate of 0.1 mm/rev condition is the best drilling condition in term of thrust force and surface roughness. By observation on experiment, MQL coolant condition give highest thrust force while internal coolant is best condition to have most minimum force. For internal coolant, MQL and external supply, the optimum helix angle to obtain low surface roughness is 15° and 40°.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Al Emran Ismail, Muhamad Zaini Yunos, Reazul Haq Abdul Haq and Said Ahmad

Pages:

116-122

Citation:

K. Kamdani et al., "Study of Cutting Force and Surface Roughness on Drilling Stainless Steel 316L under Various Coolant Condition", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 791, pp. 116-122, 2018

Online since:

November 2018

Export:

Price:

$38.00

* - Corresponding Author

[1] M. Sato, T. Aoki, H. Tanaka, and S. Takeda, Variation of temperature at the bottom surface of a hole during drilling and its effect on tool wear, Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 68 (2013) 40–47.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2013.01.007

[2] E. Brinksmeier, Prediction of tool fracture in drilling, CIRP Ann. - Manuf. Technol., 39-1 (1990) 97–100.

[3] A. Z. Sultan, S. Sharif, and D. Kurniawan, Effect of machining parameters on tool wear and hole quality of AISI 316L stainless steel in conventional drilling, Procedia Manuf., 2 (2015) 202–207.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.035

[4] B. Ozcelik and E. Bagci, Experimental and numerical studies on the determination of twist drill temperature in dry drilling: A new approach, Mater. Des., 27(10) (2006) 920–927.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2005.03.008

[5] I. Rasidi, E. A. Rahim, A. A. Ibrahim, N. A. Maskam, and S. C. Ghani, The effect on the application of coolant and ultrasonic vibration assisted micro milling on machining performance, Appl. Mech. Mater., 660 (2014) 65–69.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amm.660.65

[6] I. Rasidi, E. A. Rahim, M. I. Ghazali, M. H. Chai, and Z. O. Goh, Experimental analysis on ultrasonic assisted turning (UAT) based on innovated tool holder in the scope of dry & wet machining, Appl. Mech. Mater., 660 (2014) 104–108.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amm.660.104

[7] E. A. Rahim and H. Sasahara, Effect of MQL liquids on surface integrity when high speed drilling titanium alloy, Key Eng. Mater., 443 (2010) 359–364.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.443.359

[8] E. A. Rahim and H. Sasahara, Surface Integrity in MQL Drilling Nickel-Based Superalloy,, Key Eng. Mater., 447–448 (2010) 811–815.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.447-448.811

[9] E. A. Rahim and H. Sasahara, Application of minimum quantity lubrication when drilling nickel-based superalloy at high cutting speed, Key Eng. Mater., 407–409 (2009) 612–615.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.407-409.612

[10] J. Paro, H. Hänninen, and V. Kauppinen, Tool wear and machinability of HIPed P/M and conventional cast duplex stainless steels, Wear, 249(3–4) (2001) 279–284.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1648(01)00570-1

[11] R. Heinemann, S. Hinduja, G. Barrow, and G. Petuelli, Effect of MQL on the tool life of small twist drills in deep-hole drilling, Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 46(1) (2006) 1–6.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2005.04.003

[12] Y. Wei, Q. An, W. Ming, and M. Chen, Effect of drilling parameters and tool geometry on drilling performance in drilling carbon fiber-reinforced plastic/titanium alloy stacks, Adv. Mech. Eng., 8(9) (2016) 1–16.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1687814016670281

[13] G. Boothroyd and W. A. Knight, Fundamentals of machinning and machine tools. (1989).

[14] M. Pradeep Kumar and L. Shakeel Ahmed, Drilling of AISI 304 stainless steel under liquid nitrogen cooling: A comparison with flood cooling, Mater. Today Proc., 4(2) (2017) 1518–1524.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2017.01.174

[15] S. Ankalagi, V. N. Gaitonde, and P. Petkar, Experimental studies on hole quality in drilling of SA182 steel, Mater. Today Proc., 4(10) (2017) 11201–11209.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2017.09.041

[16] E. Bagci and B. Ozcelik, Effects of different cooling conditions on twist drill temperature, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 34(9–10) (2007) 867–877.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-006-0668-2

[17] D. M. Haan, S. A. Batzer, W. W. Olson, and J. W. Sutherland, An experimental study of cutting fluid effects in drilling, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 71(2) (1997) 305–313.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(97)00089-7

[18] J. Sun and Y. B. Guo, A comprehensive experimental study on surface integrity by end milling Ti-6Al-4V, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 209(8) (2009) 4036–4042.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2008.09.022

[19] S. Sharif and E. A. Rahim, Performance of coated- and uncoated-carbide tools when drilling titanium alloy-Ti-6Al4V, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 185(1–3) (2007) 72–76.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2006.03.142

[20] M. Balaji, K. Venkata Rao, N. Mohan Rao, and B. S. N. Murthy, Optimization of drilling parameters for drilling of TI-6Al-4V based on surface roughness, flank wear and drill vibration, Meas. J. Int. Meas. Confed., 114 (2018) 332–339.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2017.09.051

[21] H. Ding, S. J. Chen, R. Ibrahim, and K. Cheng, Investigation of the size effect on burr formation in two-dimensional vibration-assisted micro end milling, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part B J. Eng. Manuf., 225(11) (2011) 2032–(2039).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0954405411400820

[22] M. Hayajneh., Hole quality on deep drilling, Mater. Manuf. Process., 16(2) (2001) 147–164.