Fabrication of the Aluminum Matrix Composite by Ultrasonic Infiltration Technique
In order to infiltrate the molten aluminum alloy to the reinforcement preform by low pressure in casting process and acquire the high performance composites with high density, the effect of the ultrasonic vibration on the infiltration was investigated by model experiments using clear solution and glass or aluminum borate preform, which is correspond to a molten matrix and reinforcement, respectively. Ultrasonic vibration improves the wettability of liquid polyester resin on glass plate, dramatically. The final infiltration height and infiltration speed of liquid polyester resin in glass capillary were improved by the ultrasonic vibration. Furthermore, the infiltration speed of water to aluminum borate preform accelerated by ultrasonic vibration. This effect was more remarkable, when the infiltration height is lower or infiltration time is shorter. In actual, the molten aluminum alloy infiltrate to SiC preform using ultrasonic vibration easily and acquire the high dense composites without pores.
Z.Y. Zhong, H. Saka, T.H. Kim, E.A. Holm, Y.F. Han and X.S. Xie
G. Sasaki et al., "Fabrication of the Aluminum Matrix Composite by Ultrasonic Infiltration Technique", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 475-479, pp. 921-924, 2005