Heavy Metal Leaching Behavior of Glasses Containing EAF Dust
Stabilizing characteristics of heavy metals in the silicate glass (SD) and lead silicate glass(PD) containing Electric Arc Furnace(EAF) dust was studied by the toxic characterization leaching procedure(TCLP) test. Dependence of the amount of EAF dust upon structural changes of SD and PD glasses and TCLP results was also investigated by FT-IR spectroscopy. In the TCLP test, the concentration of heavy metals leached from a glass increased with the amount of EAF dust added. The SD series specimens showed heavy metal leaching lower than the PD series specimens, but the Pb leaching from the PD series specimens was the highest owing to the high Pb content in the PD glass composition. The value R(oxygen/network former ion ratio) was used to compare the leaching characteristics of glasses, and the SD had a higer R than PD series specimens to show a better chemical durability. Adding the EAF dust to the SD mother glass decreased the Si-O-Si symmetry and increased the non-bridging oxygen, which weakened the structure and decreased the chemical durability of glasses. It is concluded that SD is more effective in stabilizing the heavy metals of EAF dust than PD series glass.
Hyung Sun Kim, Sang-Yeop Park, Bo Young Hur and Soo Wohn Lee
H. T. Eun et al., "Heavy Metal Leaching Behavior of Glasses Containing EAF Dust ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 486-487, pp. 382-386, 2005