Preparation of Anhydrous Magnesium Chloride from Bischofite (MgCl2·6H2O) I. Reaction Crystallization of Magnesium Chloride Hexammoniate
Magnesium chloride hexammoniate (MgCl2·6NH3) is an intermediate product for preparation anhydrous magnesium chloride by reaction crystallization method. An experiment study of a semi-batch reaction crystallization is presented. In a single feed operation, magnesium chloride solution is fed to a stirred methanol solution mixed with ammonia to crystallize magnesium chloride hexammoniate. The median crystal size of product increases with increasing stirring rate, reaches a maximum, and then decreases again. Decreasing feed rate or decreasing stirring time increases the crystal size significantly. The reaction temperature and concentration of magnesium ion can also influence the crystal size distribution (CSD). A double feed operation can create larger crystal size than that of single feed operation. The relationship between crystal size and the content of water of the product is discussed.
W.Ke, E.H.Han, Y.F.Han, K.Kainer and A.A.Luo
X. T. Wang et al., "Preparation of Anhydrous Magnesium Chloride from Bischofite (MgCl2·6H2O) I. Reaction Crystallization of Magnesium Chloride Hexammoniate", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 488-489, pp. 57-60, 2005