ECAE of Al-4%Cu Alloys: Experimental Study Assisted by Polycrystalline-FEM Simulations
The present work reports on the results obtained on equal channel angular extrusion experiments (ECAE) done on a laboratory-cast Al-4%Cu alloy, in the T4 condition, and the use of Polycrystalline-FEM simulations to assist in the interpretation of the experiments. The experimental setup consists on a die of approximately 15 x 15 mm2 sections intersecting at 120o. Deformation at room temperature consisted of up to 5 passes with no rotation between passes. After each extrusion pass, the samples were cut from the deformed billet along planes parallel to the extrusion direction and the preferential orientations were measured on surface and middle layers. Three pole figures, (111), (200) and (220) were measured by conventional x-ray diffraction techniques and used for Orientation Distribution Function calculation and analysis. In addition tensile tests and optical microscopy have been performed in each sample to provide a good estimation of the parameters that enter in the modeling process. A finite element code specially developed to model large deformation processes (Forge3Ò) was used with tetrahedral elements and an elastic-viscoplastic material model to investigate the influence of the different strain paths sustained by different areas of the samples. The calculated distribution of deformations agrees well with the theoretical result. The simulation was used to assist in the selection of sample-cutting procedures for texture measurements and to provide the strain paths needed for self-consistent polycrystal modeling of texture development.
Paul Van Houtte and Leo Kestens
J. Signorelli et al., "ECAE of Al-4%Cu Alloys: Experimental Study Assisted by Polycrystalline-FEM Simulations ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 495-497, pp. 775-784, 2005