Dislocation Mechanisms and Plasticity of Quasicrystals: TEM Observations in Icosahedral AlPdMn
Quasicrystals can deform Plastically at high temperatures by the movement of dislocations like in crystals. Little is known, however, on the mechanisms that control dislocation movements in these structures. In a first part, the crystallography of quasicrystals is introduced as the projection, in the physical space, of a periodic structure in a hyperspace with more than three dimensions (6 in the case of icosahedral structures). The main properties of dislocations are defined in the physical space and in the six-dimensional space. New results are then presented, showing that dislocation movements may have a large component of climb, in contrast with all existing models that are based on glide processes only. Dislocation movements in two-fold and five-fold planes are compared and discussed in connection with macroscopic mechanical properties.
H. Balmori-Ramírez, M. Brito, J.G. Cabañas-Moreno, H.A. Calderón-Benavides, K. Ishizaki and A. Salinas-Rodríguez
D. Caillard "Dislocation Mechanisms and Plasticity of Quasicrystals: TEM Observations in Icosahedral AlPdMn ", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 509, pp. 49-56, 2006