Preparation and Characterization of Chemical Activated Fibers on Various Carbon Fibers
OXI-PAN fibers, Kynol fibers, and rayon fibers were used as precursors for the preparation of activated carbon fibers (ACFs) by chemical activation with KOH at 800°C. The effects of different precursor fibers and fiber/KOH ratios on the final ACFs are discussed. The precursor fibers used were appropriate for the ACFs in a single stage pyrolysis process. The OXI-PAN fibers, which were activated with KOH of 2.0M, showed a specific surface area of 2328m2/g, however, lost the fiber shape because of low yields. The Kynol fibers and Rayon fibers showed the high yields, but lower specific surface areas of 900m2/g and 774m2/g, respectively, at KOH of 1.5M. The OXI-PAN fibers, which were activated with KOH of 1.5M, have a specific surface area of 1028m2/g and higher micro-pore volumes and lower yields rather than Kynol-1.5 and Rayon-1.5 samples. This phenomenon is attributed to higher chemical resistance of the Kynol and Rayon fibers rather than OXI-PAN fibers. However, the Kynol fibers were the best precursors on KOH activation at 800°C when carbon yields, surface areas, and micropore volumes are condisered.
Hyung Sun Kim, Yu Bao Li and Soo Wohn Lee
S. Y. Moon et al., "Preparation and Characterization of Chemical Activated Fibers on Various Carbon Fibers", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 510-511, pp. 314-317, 2006