Enhancement of Reaction of Zinc on Superficially Nanocrystallized IF Steel by Near Surface-Severe Plasitc Deformation
The reaction between the zinc plate (ZP) and the IF steel with near surface ultra fine grains (NSUFG) structure with grain size of about 89 nm was studied in temperature range of 473K to 623K in order to elucidate the temperature dependence of the reactions and its mechanism, by comparison with the reactions of ZP to coarse grains (CG) sheet, superficial cold rolled CG sheet (CG+R) and superficial cold rolled NSUFG sheet (NSUFG+R). It was found that this NSUFG structure considerably affected reactions between IF steel and ZP. There was almost no effect of superficial cold rolling on their reactions, but the NSUFG structure dramatically enhanced the reactions. The incubation times for appearance of the reaction layer and its layer width of ZP /(NSUFG or NSUFG+R) reactions are shorter and thicker than those of the ZP/(CG or CG+R) ones. The activation energy for reaction was 107kJ/mol, which indicates that the volume diffusion in zinc side and the grain boundary diffusion in the iron side play an important role in the reaction. The layer growth up to the layer thickness less than about 10µm was controlled mainly by the interface reaction and it over about 10µm mainly by the diffusion mass transfer.
Yukichi Umakoshi and Shinji Fujimoto
Y. Minamino et al., "Enhancement of Reaction of Zinc on Superficially Nanocrystallized IF Steel by Near Surface-Severe Plasitc Deformation", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 512, pp. 361-366, 2006