The precipitation site, main metallic composition and number density of Z phase have been investigated in T91 in order to clarify the influence of Z phase formation on recovery of martensitic structure and creep strength degradation. The Z phase particles were mainly present around prior austenite grain boundaries and/or packet boundaries in the steels crept at 550oC and 600oC. The Z phase particles were found in specimens crept at 550oC to 650oC. There was no indication of Z phase formation up to about 62475.0 h at 500oC and 14106.5 h at 700oC. The Nb content of Z phase observed at 550oC was lower than that at 600oC. The number density of Z phase measured at 550oC was lower that that at 600oC, indicating that the preferential recovery of martensitic lath structure around prior austenite grain boundary is not remarkable at 550oC in contrast with 600oC.