Reversion Treatment to Improve Bake Hardening Response of a Twin-Roll Cast 6016 Automotive Sheet
Heat-treatable Al-Mg-Si aluminum alloys for automotive body panel applications are shipped and formed in T4 temper while still formable and are subsequently given a bake cycle to increase strength by age hardening while the paint is cured. However, the hardening response during the rather short industrial paint-bake is impaired upon natural ageing after the solution treatment. It is thus essential to counteract the adverse effect of natural ageing on bake hardening. While this is often accomplished by an additional ageing cycle before the paint-bake treatment, reversion treatments ought to be used once substantial natural ageing has first taken place to improve the bake hardening response of a twin-roll cast 6016 sheet. The present work was undertaken to improve the paint bake response of a twin-roll cast 6016 sheet by employing reversion treatments before the paint-bake cycle. Reversion treatments between 200°C and 250°C was effective in improving the bake hardening response of the twin-roll cast 6016 sheet which, when processed without reversion, failed to meet in-service strength requirements with a rather poor bake hardening response of 35 MPa.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
Y. Birol, "Reversion Treatment to Improve Bake Hardening Response of a Twin-Roll Cast 6016 Automotive Sheet", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 345-350, 2007