Influence of the Welding Sequence on Residual Stresses in Laser Welded T-Joints of an Airframe Aluminium Alloy
The effect of different welding sequences between a 4.5 mm thick AA 6156 T6 base plate and a 2 mm thick AA 6013 T6 clip – resembling a skin-clip joint of an airframe – using a 3.3 kW Nd:YAG laser is investigated. Under cyclic loading the breakdown of such T-joints happens at one end of the clip, which is due to local residual stress concentrations. Recent measurements indicated that tensile stresses could be lower at the run-in than at the run-out locations. For a deeper investigation of this effect sheets with different welding sequences were produced. One welding sequence was made with two starting points in the centre, and a second with starting points at the clip ends. Temperature measurements were made using thermocouples to verify the heat conditions for a finite element simulation of the welding process, which is used for predictions of the residual stress distribution. Actual values of the residual stress fields were determined by neutron diffraction. The influences of the welding sequence on the measured temperatures and the residual stresses are discussed.
A. R. Pyzalla, A. Borbély and H.-P. Degischer
W. Machold et al., "Influence of the Welding Sequence on Residual Stresses in Laser Welded T-Joints of an Airframe Aluminium Alloy ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 571-572, pp. 375-380, 2008