Droplet Interaction in the Liquid Injection by Multiple Orifices in the Performance of a Venturi Scrubber
The Venturi scrubber, equipment frequently used in the removal of particles from gases, is constituted basically by a duct with a convergent section followed by a constriction, or throat, and a divergent section. A liquid, usually injected in the throat, is atomized by the flowing air at high speed. The formed droplets act as collectors of particles from the gas. The size and the size distribution of the droplets inside the equipment are therefore of great importance in the equipment performance. In the present work, the liquid jet penetration is visualized and the study of the droplet formation in a rectangular Venturi is carried out. The liquid injection is made through multiple orifices and the interaction of multiple jets is taken into account. In the experimental tests, the gas velocity in the throat, the liquid flow rate and the number of orifices for liquid injection were varied. A Malvern Spraytec aerosol analyzer was used for measuring of the droplet size and size distribution. The results showed that the liquid jet penetration influences significantly the size of the formed droplet.
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
V. G. Guerra et al., "Droplet Interaction in the Liquid Injection by Multiple Orifices in the Performance of a Venturi Scrubber", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 591-593, pp. 896-901, 2008