Influence of Tantalum on the Rates of High Temperature Oxidation and Chromia Volatilization for Cast (Fe and/or Ni)-30Cr-0.4C Alloys

Abstract:

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Four cast superalloys, Fe-base and (Fe,Ni)-base alloys, all containing 30%Cr and 0.4%C, were elaborated with addition of 3% and 6% of tantalum. Their oxidation behaviours were studied at 1000, 1100 and 1200°C during 50 hours. The oxidized surfaces of the samples were quantitatively characterized by measurements of thicknesses and surface fractions of internal oxides. The thermogravimetry files were treated according to the {m×(dm/dt) = Kp - Kv×m} equation, to obtain simultaneously the parabolic constant and the chromia volatilization constant. The internal tantalum oxides are more present in the Fe-base alloys and the carbide-free zones are less developed for the (Fe,Ni)-base alloys than for the others. The Fe-base alloys oxidize faster than the (Fe,Ni)-base and Ni-base alloys. The comparison with the corresponding Ta-free ternary alloys shows that the presence of Ta tends to accelerate the oxidation.

Info:

Periodical:

Materials Science Forum (Volumes 595-598)

Edited by:

Pierre Steinmetz, Ian G. Wright, Alain Galerie, Daniel Monceau and Stéphane Mathieu

Pages:

861-870

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.595-598.861

Citation:

P. Berthod et al., "Influence of Tantalum on the Rates of High Temperature Oxidation and Chromia Volatilization for Cast (Fe and/or Ni)-30Cr-0.4C Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 595-598, pp. 861-870, 2008

Online since:

September 2008

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$35.00

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