First-Principles Study of the Mechanical Properties of Mg-Based Alloys with FCC and Hexagonal Structure
More and more research has been focused on the improvement of the mechanical properties and the optimal design of the new excellent Mg-based alloys. In spite of many experimental investigations, the theoretical studies of the mechanical properties are very scarce. First-principle calculations of the elastic constants and mechanical properties of typical Mg-based alloys become necessary to understand the fundamental mechanism governing the observed mechanical properties. In this paper, the single-crystal elastic constants Cijs of the typical fcc and hexagonal structured Mg-based alloys (Mg3Zn3Y2 and CaMg2) were calculated, using density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation. Then the bulk modulus B, shear modulus G, Young’s modulus E, Poisson’s ratio ν and anisotropy value A were derived from single-crystal elastic constants. The mechanical properties such as the ductility and stiffiness of the alloys are analyzed and discussed in comparison with experimental observations.
Zhong Wei Gu, Yafang Han, Fu Sheng Pan, Xitao Wang, Duan Weng and Shaoxiong Zhou
N. Wang et al., "First-Principles Study of the Mechanical Properties of Mg-Based Alloys with FCC and Hexagonal Structure", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 610-613, pp. 848-852, 2009