Greenhouse Gas Emissions Attributable to High Pressure Die Casting
In spite of die castings being amongst the highest volume items manufactured by the metalworking industry, the influence of high pressure die casting (HPDC) process parameters on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions remains largely unreported. In this article, the authors discuss the effect of some HPDC process parameters on GHG emissions using cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment (LCA) for both aluminium and magnesium alloys. Although the impacts reduced with increasing yields in both cases, it was determined that the GHG impact of magnesium alloy HPDC was more sensitive to HPDC yield irrespective of the ratio of primary/secondary alloys in the melt charge. The reasons for this include a greater dependence of magnesium alloy HPDC on high-emitting primary processing and the use of the highly potent GHG SF6 for melting. For magnesium alloy HPDC, a decrease in quality assurance (QA) rejects and cycle times also reduced GHG emissions, although their influences were found to be an order lower than that of yield.
M.S. Dargusch & S.M. Keay
A. Tharumarajah et al., "Greenhouse Gas Emissions Attributable to High Pressure Die Casting", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 618-619, pp. 21-26, 2009