Latest Developments in Understanding the Grain Refinement of Cast Titanium
Grain refinement of cast titanium alloys is believed to have many benefits. However, literature on how to control and manipulate β-grain size during the solidification of cast components is scarce. This paper discusses the current state of research in grain refining practices in cast titanium alloys.
M.S. Dargusch & S.M. Keay
M. J. Bermingham et al., "Latest Developments in Understanding the Grain Refinement of Cast Titanium", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 618-619, pp. 315-318, 2009