The Influence of Intensification Pressure on the Gate Microstructure of AlSi3MgMn High Pressure Die Castings
This article focuses on the influence of intensification pressure (I.P.) on the feeding through the gate during high pressure die casting (HPDC). Two values of intensification pressure, the lowest and highest possible for the HPDC machine used, were applied to cast AlSi3MgMn tensile-bar specimens. The castings produced with higher I.P. contained a lower total fraction of porosity, as expected. Microstructural characterisation of the gate region showed markedly different features in and adjacent to the gate at the two levels of I.P. used. The microstructures indicate a change in feeding mechanism with increasing I.P. At high I.P. shear band-like features exist through the gate, suggesting that strain localisation in the gate is involved in the feeding of solidification shrinkage during the I.P. stage. At low I.P. such shear bands were not observed in the gates and feeding was less effective, resulting in a higher level of porosity in the HPDC parts.
M.S. Dargusch & S.M. Keay
S. Otarawanna et al., "The Influence of Intensification Pressure on the Gate Microstructure of AlSi3MgMn High Pressure Die Castings", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 618-619, pp. 607-610, 2009