Evaluation of Metallic Corrosion Caused by Alcohol Fuel and Some Contaminants
In the present work, it is evaluated the effect of water and other contaminants of alcohol fuel on the corrosion behavior of different materials, which can constitute vehicles, storage and transportation fuels systems. For such, 5 metallic materials (zamak, low-carbon steel, stainless steel, and two Al alloys) were chosen and 5 alcoholic solutions were prepared: anhydrous ethanol (AEAC; solution 1); hydrated ethanol (AEHC; solution 2); AEAC and water with some impurities (AEAC + 6 % “corrosive” water; solution 3); AEHC and water with some impurities (AEHC + 6 % “corrosive” water; solution 4); and, AEAC and tap water (AEAC + 6 % tap water; solution 5). The crevice corrosion was investigated in static immersion tests, which were carried out at 50 °C for 2 months. The evaluation of the corrosive process was carried out by visual inspection, weight loss, optic microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Also, some quality parameters of the alcoholic solutions (specific mass, alcoholic content, pH, and conductivity) was analyzed in order to determine the influence of corrosion of the materials on them. The results have shown that crevice corrosion of all materials mostly occurred in solutions 3-5, which had a high amount of water and impurities. Some corrosion rates in such solutions were 90-400 times higher than those obtained in AEAC and AEHC. Among the materials, zamak and carbon steel suffered severe corrosive attack. The physicochemical properties of alcoholic solutions employed in the tests also changed, mainly the increase of pH and conductivity was observed. Therefore, the results demonstrate that the quality control of alcohol fuel is essential in order to avoid the damage of engine parts and storage and transportation systems. Specially, water, sulphate, chloride and acetate content must be monitored.
Luís Guerra ROSA and Fernanda MARGARIDO
M.R. Monteiro et al., "Evaluation of Metallic Corrosion Caused by Alcohol Fuel and Some Contaminants", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 636-637, pp. 1024-1029, 2010