Effect of Cooling Rate on Morphology and Crystallography of Lath Martensite in Fe-Ni Alloys
The development of blocks and subblocks in the lath martensite was observed with SEM/EBSD and TEM/Kikuchi diffraction patterns analyses. Morphology of lath martensite formed below Ms temperature was observed using step quenching method in 18 mass% Ni maraging steel. The development of lath martensite structure can be described as follow; lath groups with single K-S variant start to form at the austenite grain boundary. Next, other sub-blocks appear adjacent to the lath groups formed first and these lath groups form macroscopic blocks observed in optical microscopy. The morphologies of the lath martensite in Fe -23 mass% Ni alloy cooled at different cooling rates after austenitization were also observed. The packet size and block thickness decreases with increasing cooling rate, although the sub-block thickness do not change. A packet locally contains small packets with different relationship of close packed planes, and the amount of small packets increases with increasing the cooling rate.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
S. Morito et al., "Effect of Cooling Rate on Morphology and Crystallography of Lath Martensite in Fe-Ni Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 1459-1463, 2010