Principles of Fabrication of Bulk Ultrafine-Grained and Nanostructured Materials by Multiple Isothermal Forging
On the basis of generalization of research results obtained at the Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems, principles of fabrication of bulk ultrafine-grained and nanostructured materials by multiple isothermal forging are formulated. Multiple isothermal forging is shown to be a universal high-performance deformation technique for the grain refinement in metals and alloys maximally exploiting the potential of dynamic recrystallization.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
R. M. Imayev et al., "Principles of Fabrication of Bulk Ultrafine-Grained and Nanostructured Materials by Multiple Isothermal Forging", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 1702-1707, 2010