This paper deals with the effect of temperature on plastic buckling strength of cylindrical pipe of some magnesium alloys subjected to shot peening process. Workpieces are three cylindrical pipes of AZ31, AZ61 and AZ80 magnesium alloys. The shape of pipe is 30mm in height, 16mm and 14mm in outer and inner diameters. The shot peening treatment was given on the surface of cylindrical pipe using an air-type peening machine. Plastic buckling strength test was performed under axial compression in a case of both ends with fixed condition, at several temperatures between 293K and 573K and at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min using an Instron-type testing machine. From the experimental result, buckling stresses for all kinds of AZ31, AZ61 and AZ80 alloy pipe were strengthened after the shot peening treatment, but a few of differences for the increasing ratio. The buckling stress of the shot-peened pipe was kept higher than that of as received one up to the test temperature of 473K, however it tended to be around equal at 573K.