The influence of different electromagnetic fields on the horizontal direct chill (HDC) casting of aluminum alloy is studied. 7075 aluminum alloy with 100-mm in diameter is produced by HDC casting process; single electromagnetic field located before or around the mold and an out-phase electromagnetic field (OPEMF) are applied in the HDC casting process. The effect of different electromagnetic fields on the HDC casting solidification behavior and as-cast structure is investigated. The electromagnetic field can effectively make uniform thermal distribution in the molten pool and refine the as-cast structure. The OPEMF is more efficient than the single electromagnetic field in improving the as-cast structure of HDC cast ingots.