Simulation Study of Microstructure Transition of Liquid Ge during Rapid Cooling Solidification
Structural and dynamical properties of the rapid solidification process of liquid Ge have been investigated by molecular-dynamics calculations based on the Stillinger-Weber potential. The variations of microstructures during the solidification process are analyzed by the self-diffusion coefficient D(T), pair correlation function g(r) curves and the HA bond-type index method. The melting point implicated in D(T) is about 2100 K. The pair correlation function g(r) obtained by the simulated in liquid Ge is good agreement with experiment, the fist-peak of g(r) gradually becomes higher and sharper with the temperature decreasing, when temperature drops to 1400 K, the second-peak of g(r) begins to split. The change of HA bond-type indicated that the most important structural change occurs in the temperature range 1400 K-700 K.
Yuan Ming Huang
C. Y. Zhu and Q. Xie, "Simulation Study of Microstructure Transition of Liquid Ge during Rapid Cooling Solidification", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 663-665, pp. 1306-1309, 2011