Synergetic Effect of ECAP and Friction Stir Welding on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Aluminium Sheets
Friction stir welding (FSW) was used to join the submicrocrystalline (SMC) grained Al-Cu-Mg-Ag sheets produced by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) followed by hot rolling (HR). The effect of SPD and FSW on the microstructure and mechanical properties in the zone of base metal, as well as in the stirred zone (SZ) were examined. In addition, effect of standard heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties in these zones was considered. A refined microstructure with an average grain size of ~ 0.6 m and a portion of high-angle grain boundaries (HAGBs) of ~0.67 was produced in sheets by ECAP followed by HR at 250°C. The microcrystalline grained structure with average grain size of ~2.3 mm was found in joint weld. The moderate mechanical properties were revealed in SMC sheets and joint welds. Heat treatment considerably increases strength of the base metal as well as the joint welds. The higher strength of the alloy after T6 temper is attributed to the dense precipitations of dispersoids having plate-like shape which are uniformly distributed within aluminum matrix. It was observed that FSW can produce full strength weld both in the tempered and in the un-tempered conditions.
Jing Tao Wang, Roberto B. Figueiredo and Terence G. Langdon
I. Nikulin et al., "Synergetic Effect of ECAP and Friction Stir Welding on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Aluminium Sheets", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 667-669, pp. 505-510, 2011