Densification of Alumina Ceramics by Infiltration of a Nano-Sized Alumina Sol into Alumina Green Samples
Infiltration of a nano-sized alumina sol into the green bodies is proposed to facilitate the ceramic sintering. The green samples were prepared by a colloidal processing based on drying induced forming, and then were immersed in a nano-sized alumina sol prior to their sintering at 1350-1600 oC. The alumina sol was characterized by using transmission electron microscopy and the grain structure of sintered alumina ceramics were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Significant densification of sintered samples was evidenced, in a depth of ~ 0.5 mm, on the samples treated with the alumina sol infiltration. It is indicated that filling of nano-sol into the micro-pores between particles of green samples enhanced the sintering densification process. The infiltration treatment by nano-sol may also provide an effective way to produce structurally gradient ceramics with a gradual changing density and/or composition from the surface into bulk.
Yi Tan and Dongying Ju
S. W. Jiang and G. L. Ning, "Densification of Alumina Ceramics by Infiltration of a Nano-Sized Alumina Sol into Alumina Green Samples", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 675-677, pp. 183-186, 2011