Static and Dynamic Crushing Behaviors of Aluminum Foam
Quasi-static and dynamic axial crushing tests were carried out to investigate the energy absorption capacity of aluminum foam with several densities. First, aluminum foam samples with three densities were crushed quasi-statically to study their compression characteristics, the stress strain relationship curves and energy absorption capacities were achieved from the test results; then dynamic crushing tests were carried out to check the crushing behaviors of the corresponding samples; finally, the energy absorption capacities of tested samples were compared. According to the tests results, all the aluminum foam samples showed very good isotropy and very high mass specific energy absorption capacities. For the crushing tests, the dynamic crushing behaviors were very similar to the static ones, which meant aluminum foam was insensitive to the crash velocity tested.
Yi Tan and Dongying Ju
Q. C. Wang et al., "Static and Dynamic Crushing Behaviors of Aluminum Foam", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 675-677, pp. 601-605, 2011