The present work reported the preparation of TiC/Fe-based composite by the synthesis reaction from Ti, C and Fe. The sintered composites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. TiC, Fe3C and α-Fe were detected by X-ray diffraction analysis. The scanning and transmission electron micrographs revealed the morphology and distribution of the reinforcements, the microstructure of Fe matrix, the interfacial structure of TiC particle-to-Fe matrix. Moreover, the formation reason of the voids in composite was also discussed.