η Phase Formation Mechanism at Cemented Carbide YG30/Steel 1045 Joints during Tungsten-Inert-Gas Arc Welding
Cemented carbide YG30 and steel 1045 were welded with various Ni-Fe-C filling alloys via the Cemented carbide YG30 and steel 1045 were welded with various Ni-Fe-C filling alloys via the tungsten-inert-gas (TIG) arc welding. η phase formation at the welding joints was investigated via scanning electronic microscope (SEM), transmission electronic microscope (TEM) coupled with selected diffraction, and electron probe microanalysis methods. η phases in three different morphologies were identified and they appeared to form in different mechanisms. The η phase formed at the heat-affected zone (HAZ) exhibited a similar size to that of WC particles and its formation was mainly attributed to the inter diffusion among W, C and Fe, Co, Ni in solid-state γ phase. The large-size η phase near the interface between YG30 and weld bead was due to the coarsening of tiny η grains in the liquid weld bead. The small-size η phase was formed via precipitation from the γ phase during cooling. The η phase formation could be controlled by optimization of C and/or Ni concentration in the filling alloys.
Yi Tan and Dongying Ju
X. J. Zhao et al., "η Phase Formation Mechanism at Cemented Carbide YG30/Steel 1045 Joints during Tungsten-Inert-Gas Arc Welding", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 675-677, pp. 901-904, 2011