Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Hot-Pressed and Hot-Deformed Composite Magnets Produced by Spark Plasma Sintering Method
Bulk isotropic and anisotropic Nd13.5Fe80.4Ga0.5B5.6 and Nd13.5Fe80.4Ga0.5B5.6/Fe magnets were synthesized by applying spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique. The effect of hot-pressing temperature on the magnetic properties of hot-pressed (HP) and hot-deformed (HD) magnets without additive and with 5% Fe addition was investigated. With increasing sintering temperature for HP magnets, the grain grew gradually. For HD magnets, the optimal magnetic properties could be obtained at hot-pressing temperature 680°C due to the development of desired c-axis texture and uniform microstructure, which resulted from the appropriate and uniform grain size in HP magnets. Fe addition could enhance remanence (Br) and magnetic energy products ((BH)m) of HP and HD magnets. However, the maximum magnetic energy product of HD magnets decreased when hot-pressing temperature was higher than 650°C.
Yafang Han, Fusheng Pan, Jianmao Tang, Chungen Zhou
Y. L. Ma et al., "Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Hot-Pressed and Hot-Deformed Composite Magnets Produced by Spark Plasma Sintering Method", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 686, pp. 740-744, 2011