In the present study, surface melting of a magnesium alloy, ZE41, was performed with an Nd:YAG laser, using different laser parameters (scan rate and beam type). The microstructure of the laser treated and untreated specimens were characterised by optical and scanning electron microscopy. The degree of microstructural refinement and melt depth was found to be a function of the laser scan rate. Electrochemical characterisation of the different laser treated specimens along with the untreated alloy was performed using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The laser treated specimens and untreated alloy showed similar corrosion resistance.